Tag Archives | African Union

Mobilizing Multinational Military Operations in Africa: Quick Fixes or Sustainable Solutions?

Participants Professor Tony Chafer, University of PortsmouthProfessor Gordon Cumming, Cardiff UniversityDr Roel van der Velde, Cardiff UniversityAhmed Soliman, Research Fellow, Horn of Africa, Chatham HouseDr Elisa Lopez Lucia, Université Libre de Bruxelles; University of PortsmouthChair: Janet Adama Mohammed, West Africa Programme Director, Conciliation Resources Peacekeeping missions which have sought to address evolving forms of conflict and instability on the African continent – led by the United Nations, African Union and European Union – have frequently been overstretched. Across regions including the Sahel, the Horn and West Africa, the issues of violent extremism and criminality – often set against a backdrop of collapsing or severely weakened central states – have led to the mobilisation of a diverse set of new collective responses. These include notable African-led efforts such as AMISOM in Somalia or more recently the G5 Sahel, where France have played a pivotal role in initiating new and more ad hoc approaches to coalition-building. As existing multinational missions in Africa continue to evolve on the ground and while new collective opportunities increasingly present themselves, it is critical for policymakers to understand how far such efforts reflect meaningful long-term solutions to the challenges of conflict and insecurity. At this roundtable event, participants […]

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Kabila co-opts the opposition to prolong a family dynasty

The highly contested elections in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) are now over and Joseph Kabila Kabange handed over the presidency to Félix Antoine Tshilombo Tshisekedi on January 24. Tshisekedi has been quickly recognised officially by the United States, Kenya and all the 16 Southern African Development Community member states to which the DRC belongs, among others. Much more significantly, the internal and potentially divisive position adopted by the Catholic Church’s National Episcopal Conference of Congo has been undone because six of the eight Catholic bishops in Tshiskedi’s Kasai region have now accepted the electoral outcome, arguing that, however flawed, this is a step towards democracy and social progress for all.R But these developments highlight the contradictions and lessons learnt from the past in at least three important aspects. The first is that Africa is having to contend with the cohesion of elite, hereditary “republican” dynasties, which are expanding and consolidating. This was manifest in the temporary collaboration between the families of the late Laurent-Désiré Kabila and the late Étienne Tshisekedi wa Mulumba and now in the consensus reached between Joseph Kabila and Félix Tshisekedi. This new-found relationship is unequally balanced, with Kabila controlling the instruments of the state, including […]

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