Tag Archives | terrorism

Diverging positions and demands regarding insecurity and political violence on the African continent

The Associated Press on the Washington Post website discusses the recent U.N. Security Council’s strongly condemnation of increasing levels of terrorism on the African continent. A Chinese-sponsored presidential statement approved by the 15 members urged the 193 UN member states to take measures to address drivers of violent extremism conducive to terrorism and to consider mobilising more predictable resources and expertise. Recommendations included fostering quality education and provision employment opportunities and vocational training for young people and inclusion them in all levels of decision-making to combat recruitment. The African Union’s U.N. ambassador, Fatima Kyari Mohammed warned about the increasing level of sophistication and use of “drone terrorism”. A statement from Tunisia, Niger and South Africa mentioned that “foreigners who fought with the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria are increasingly relocating into the continent mainly to areas where government presence is weak”. Additionally, the statement argued that some al-Qaida and IS groups “appear to be working together and coordinating attacks to grab large swaths of territory.” The statements reiterated the need to support for the G5 Sahel Force established by Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, Chad and Mauritania to fight terrorism. However, according to Reuters, Al Qaeda-linked militants have said they will only […]

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Dossier Sahel: Instability, Violent Extremism and Foreign Actors

Northwestern Sahel represents one of the most unstable areas in sub-Saharan Africa. Seven years after the outbreak of the conflict in Mali, violent extremism has spread across the region, together with community conflicts over the access to natural resources and inter-ethnic violence. Trans-border activities of non-state armed actors – insurgents, jihadist groups and ethnic-based militias – as well as illicit trafficking networks feed the regional insecurity. These dynamics have boosted military and political intervention of Western actors and the development of multilateral initiatives across Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Burkina Faso and Chad. What are the main drivers of the instability affecting the Sahelian states? To what extent is the current security situation in the Sahel deteriorating? And what are the challenges ahead for states and international actors? Mauritania: The New Strongman in Nouakchott Cédric Jourde University of Ottawa The Formidable Challenges to Peace in Mali Edoardo Baldaro Università di Napoli “L’Orientale” The Current State of Insecurity in Burkina Faso Daniel Eizenga Africa Center for Strategic Studies Niger: Has Securitisation Stopped Traffickers? Alexandre Bish Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime Chad: France’s Role and Political Instability Tony Chafer University of Portsmouth Libya: Haftar’s ‘Divide and Rule’ Plans on the Edge of the Sahel Rebecca Murray Freelance journalist Providing […]

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