Tag Archives | UN

Diverging positions and demands regarding insecurity and political violence on the African continent

The Associated Press on the Washington Post website discusses the recent U.N. Security Council’s strongly condemnation of increasing levels of terrorism on the African continent. A Chinese-sponsored presidential statement approved by the 15 members urged the 193 UN member states to take measures to address drivers of violent extremism conducive to terrorism and to consider mobilising more predictable resources and expertise. Recommendations included fostering quality education and provision employment opportunities and vocational training for young people and inclusion them in all levels of decision-making to combat recruitment. The African Union’s U.N. ambassador, Fatima Kyari Mohammed warned about the increasing level of sophistication and use of “drone terrorism”. A statement from Tunisia, Niger and South Africa mentioned that “foreigners who fought with the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria are increasingly relocating into the continent mainly to areas where government presence is weak”. Additionally, the statement argued that some al-Qaida and IS groups “appear to be working together and coordinating attacks to grab large swaths of territory.” The statements reiterated the need to support for the G5 Sahel Force established by Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, Chad and Mauritania to fight terrorism. However, according to Reuters, Al Qaeda-linked militants have said they will only […]

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Politics at the Heart of the Crisis in the Sahel

The international community has become seized with the spiraling crisis in the Sahel. In September 2019, UN Secretary- General Antonio Guterres warned that “we are losing ground in the face of violence.”1 There has been a rapid expansion of extremist attacks in Burkina Faso, Mali, and Niger,2 from 180 incidents in 2017 to approximately 800 violent events in the first 10 months of 2019.3 There has also been a sharp increase in displaced persons. In Burkina Faso, for example, the United Nations reports that 486,000 people have been displaced in 2019, compared to just 80,000 in all of 2018. The deteriorating situation in the Sahel and its implications for regional security, migration, criminality, and corruption have spurred foreign partners—including the United States, European capitals, Gulf states, and some West African governments—to throw soldiers, diplomats, and development experts at the problem. Read more on CSIS

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