RCA: l’UPC élargit son périmètre d’influence sur le territoire

En RCA, alors qu’un accord de paix a été signé entre 14 groupes armés et le gouvernement, les violences se poursuivent. La Minusca a condamné l’attitude de l’UPC en violation des principes de l’accord de paix dont il est signataire.

Même si les chiffres ont sensiblement baissé, la Minusca répertorie entre 50 et 70 violations de l’accord chaque semaine. Les violences impliquant le MLCJ et FPRC ont eu lieu dans la région de Birao à l’extrême nord-est où environ 24 000 personnes ont été déplacées.

Dans l’extrême nord-ouest, dans la zone de Koui, la Minusca a mené une opération contre le groupe 3R.

Mais pendant que les projecteurs sont braqués sur ces zones, un autre groupe avance ses pions. L’Union pour la paix en Centrafrique (UPC), signataire de l’accord de paix, avance dans le sud-est du pays.

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Mobilizing Multinational Military Operations in Africa: Quick Fixes or Sustainable Solutions?


Professor Tony Chafer, University of Portsmouth
Professor Gordon Cumming, Cardiff University
Dr Roel van der Velde, Cardiff University
Ahmed Soliman, Research Fellow, Horn of Africa, Chatham House
Dr Elisa Lopez Lucia, Université Libre de Bruxelles; University of Portsmouth
Chair: Janet Adama Mohammed, West Africa Programme Director, Conciliation Resources

Peacekeeping missions which have sought to address evolving forms of conflict and instability on the African continent – led by the United Nations, African Union and European Union – have frequently been overstretched.

Across regions including the Sahel, the Horn and West Africa, the issues of violent extremism and criminality – often set against a backdrop of collapsing or severely weakened central states – have led to the mobilisation of a diverse set of new collective responses.

These include notable African-led efforts such as AMISOM in Somalia or more recently the G5 Sahel, where France have played a pivotal role in initiating new and more ad hoc approaches to coalition-building.

As existing multinational missions in Africa continue to evolve on the ground and while new collective opportunities increasingly present themselves, it is critical for policymakers to understand how far such efforts reflect meaningful long-term solutions to the challenges of conflict and insecurity.

At this roundtable event, participants will reflect on how such missions become mobilised and legitimised, the extent to which they can be defined as ‘new’, and whether they represent a truly sustainable means to tackle the issue of conflict in Africa.

This roundtable is held in partnership with Cardiff University and the University of Portsmouth and is supported by the Leverhulme Trust.

Read more on Chatham House