Tag Archives | Development

Why Rwanda’s development model wouldn’t work elsewhere in Africa

Rwanda is often touted as an example of what African states could achieve if only they were better governed. Out of the ashes of a horrific genocide, President Paul Kagame has resuscitated the economy, curtailed corruption and maintained political stability. This is a record that many other leaders can only dream of, and has led to Rwanda being cited as an economic success story that the rest of the continent would do well to follow. In countries like Kenya and Zimbabwe some have argued that their leaders should operate more like Kagame. In other words, that job creation and poverty alleviation are more important than free and fair elections. In response, critics have sought to puncture Kagame’s image by pointing to human rights violations committed under his leadership. This is an important concern. But the notion that the Rwandan model should be exported also suffers from a more fundamental flaw: it would not work almost anywhere else because the necessary conditions – political dominance and tight centralised control of patronage networks – do not apply. The Rwandan model Many of the achievements of Kagame and his governing Rwandan Patriotic Front party are impressive. He took over a deeply divided nation in desperate need of economic and political reconstruction in 1994. Since […]

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Africa South of the Sahara

The main political and economic developments in each of the 53 countries and territories of the region are comprehensively narrated and examined in the fully revised online edition of Africa South of the Sahara (the 48th in print). Readers’ perspectives are further expanded by the General Survey, a collection of introductory essays providing in-depth analysis of current economic trends, an assessment of aid and development initiatives over the past 100 years, an insight into the phenomenon of failed states and the repercussions of, and responses to, state failure in sub-Saharan Africa, an examination of the People’s Republic of China’s increasing political and economic ties with the African continent, details of the burgeoning relationship between Brazil and Africa, and a discussion of France’s ongoing involvement in Africa. General Survey Economic Trends in Africa South of the Sahara State Failure in Africa: Causes, Consequences and Responses A Century of Development: Policy and Process in Sub-Saharan Africa Beyond Françafrique—the State of Relations Between France and Africa A Year of Problems for China in Africa Brazil’s Declining Engagement with Africa European Colonial Rule in Africa Read more 

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