Last chance to register for the ‘Progress, Change and Development’ Conference  

Progress, Change and Development: Past, Present and Future

Thursday 4 – Saturday 6 June 2015, University of Portsmouth

This three day interdisciplinary conference brings together some of the generation who were involved in attempts to bring about intellectual, social and political change in the 1960s and 1970s with historians and theorists currently studying these movements, as well as practitioners and activists working in the fields of progress and development today.

Confirmed speakers include Samir Amin, Selma James, Jacques Sauvageot, Alice Cherki, Catherine Lévy and Beida Chikhi

Register by Thursday 28 May 2015 via the University of Portsmouth Online Store:

A full programme for the conference can be found below.

For further information, please contact the conference organisers, Margaret Majumdar and Joanna Warson, via

Progress poster copy


Thursday 4 June 2015

10.00 – 11.00: Registration and Coffee (Park Building LRC)

11.00 – 11.30: Opening and Introduction (Park 1.23)

Ann Matear, Head of the School of Languages and Area Studies, University of Portsmouth

Tony Chafer, Director of the Centre for European and International Studies Research, University of Portsmouth

11.30-13.00: Session 1 – Decolonisation, Progress and Development in Africa I (Park 1.23)

Chair: Margaret Majumdar (Portsmouth)

  • Selma James (Global Women’s Network) – Ujamaa: Rural grassroots development in Tanzania
  • Samir Amin (Third World Forum) – Towards the revival of the spirit of Bandung

13.00 – 14.00: Lunch (Park LRC)

14.00 – 15.30: Session 2 – Revolutionary and Progressive Movements: International Perspectives (Park 1.23)

Chair: Jodi Burkett (Portsmouth)

  • Chris Reynolds (Nottingham Trent), ‘Northern Ireland’s 1968 in a post-troubles context’
  • Manus McGrogan (Portsmouth), ‘International impact of the Carnation Revolution 1974-75: radical conceptualisations, then and now’
  • Sharif Gemie (South Wales), ‘Cross-Cultural Communication and the Hippy Trail, 1957-1978

15.30 – 16.00: Tea (Park LRC)

16.00 – 17.30: Session 3 – Parallel Panels 3.1 and 3.2

3.1 Decolonisation, Progress and Development in Africa II (Park 1.23)

Chair: Joanna Warson (Portsmouth)

  • Anna Bocking-Welch (Liverpool), ‘Set free the hungry half’: Britain, NGOs and the transfer of power in Africa’
  • Charlotte Lydia Riley (York), ‘A Study in Frustration? British Overseas Aid and Development in the 1960s and Beyond’
  • Ryo Ikeda (Kansai Gaidai), Tunisian Internal Autonomy in 1954 and the Dissolution of the French Empire

3.2. Communication, Theory and Progress (Park 109)

Chair: Fabienne Chamelot (Portsmouth)

  • Valentina Vardabasso (UMR IRICE), ‘La stratégie de communication de la Société des Nations: Radio Nation Unies’
  • Francesco Caddeo (Jean Moulin Lyon), ‘Se débarrasser de l’identité à l’époque de la résurgence des particularismes’
  • Luis Martinez Andrade (EHESS), ‘La théologie de la libération : critique de la modernité’ 

18.30: BBQ Dinner, Rees Hall


 Friday 5 June 2015

9.00-9.30: Registration and Coffee (Park Building LRC)

9.30 – 11.00: Session 4 – Revolutionary and Progressive Movements: The Case of France

(sponsored by the Society for the Study of French History) (Park 1.23)

Chair: Tony Chafer (Portsmouth)

  • Jacques Sauvageot (ITS), ‘Pour un réformisme révolutionnaire’
  • Andrew Smith (UCL), ‘The Summer of ’61: Periphery Challenges to the French State and Early Resistance to Globalization’
  • Brian Sudlow (Aston), ‘The Hopelessness of Progressive Hope: Revisiting Réflexions pour 1985

11.00 – 11.30: Coffee (Park LRC)

11.30 – 12.45: Session 5 – Migration and Diasporic Space (Park 1.23)

Chair : Andrew Smith (UCL)

  • Louisa Zanoun (Génériques) & Daniel Gordon (Edge Hill), ‘Changing Memory, Changing Society? Immigration Public History in France’
  • Ed Naylor (Portsmouth), ‘The 1975 ‘Arenc Affair’ and the legal turn in pro-immigrant activism in France’

 12.45 – 13.45: Lunch

13.45 – 15.30: Session 6 – Parallel Panels 6.1 and 6.2

6.1 Progress and Colonial Relations (Park 1.23)

Chair: Thomas Martin (Leeds)

  • Courtnay Micots (Wits Art Museum), ‘Visualizing Nation-Building in African Colonial Architecture in Coastal Ghana’
  • Catherine O’Connell (Macquarie, Sydney, Australia), ‘Reading Between the Lines: Identity Issues in Kanak Narratives’
  • Helen Lackner (Independent Civic & Social Organisation Professional), ‘The People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen: Revolution, Social Change and Development in a Tribal and Fragmented Society’
  • Laetitia Boqui-Queni (Sorbonne), ‘Exploitation et domination coloniale contemporaine à la Réunion

6.2 Progress and Political Economic Development (Park 1.09)

Chair: Patricia Shamai (Portsmouth)

  • Ilias Alami (Manchester), ‘Post-crisis Capital Controls in Developing Countries: regaining Policy Space?’
  • Vincent Duchaussoy (Rouen), ‘The Franc Zone in West Africa: a successful delayed decolonisation?’
  • Ralph Wilde (UCL), ‘Dilemmas in promoting global economic justice through law. A case study of the ‘Maastricht Principles on the Extraterritorial Obligations of States in the Area of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights’ and their associated Commentary’

15.30-16.00: Tea

16.00 – 17.30: Session 7 – National Liberation and Nation-Building: Frantz Fanon (Park 1.23)

Chair: Olivia Rutazibwa (Portsmouth)

  • Azzedine Haddour (UCL), ‘Fanon, the Lumpenproletariat and Decolonization’
  • Alice Cherki (Psychoanalyst), ‘Les conséquences des silences de l’histoire coloniale sur les jeunes descendants d’anciens colonisés. Actualité de la pensée de Fanon’

18.00 – 19.00 : Reception and dinner (Eldon Building)

19.00 – 21.00 : Film screening (Eldon Building)

‘Concerning Violence’ (2014, dir. Goran Olsson)

Introduced by Olivia Rutazibwa (Portsmouth) and followed by a panel discussion including Charles Leddy Owen (Portsmouth) and Azzedine Haddour (UCL)


Saturday 6 June 2015

 9.00-9.30: Registration and Coffee (Park Building LRC)

9.30-11.00: Session 8 – Progress: Past, Present and Future (Park 1.23)

Chair: Ed Naylor (Portsmouth)

  • Brice Fossard (Paris I), ‘Sports, youth movements and the liberation of Indochina (1940-1945)’
  • Yves Montenay (ICEG), ‘Que reste-t-il de la théorie du pillage du Sud’
  • Elisabeth Vasileva (Loughborough), ‘To Affinity and Beyond. Postanarchism and Radical Ethics’

11.00 – 11.30: Coffee

 11.30-13.00: Session 9 – National Liberation and Nation-Building: Algeria in the 1960s (sponsored by the Association for the Study of Modern and Contemporary France) (Park 1.23)

Chair: Natalya Vince (Portsmouth)

  • Catherine Lévy (CNRS), ‘Algérie: libération nationale et construction de la nation, 1962-1965’
  • Beïda Chikhi (Paris-Sorbonne), ‘Algérie: la postindépendance, l’effervescence cosmopolite, et la littérature’

13.00 – 14.00: Lunch

Close of conference proceedings

Documenting the Mediterranean Catastrophe: An interview with film-maker Jakob Preuss (Part 3)

Sunday 19th April brought the highest loss of life yet seen in the ongoing Mediterranean refugee crisis as an estimated 800 people drowned when the boat they were on capsized 60 miles off the Libyan coast. Prior to this latest disaster Ed Naylor spoke to documentary-maker Jakob Preuss about his recent experiences filming with migrants seeking to cross into Europe. In the final part of our three part series (see here for the first and second parts), Ed and Jakob discuss some of Jakob’s experiences filming on the northern side of the Mediterranean and how making ‘Europe’s Borderlands’ has shaped his view of the current migrant crisis.

Have you managed to re-establish contact with any protagonists you first met on the southern shore and who successfully crossed into Europe?

Yes, in fact this is the main narrative line of the film. Crudely speaking, it’s “Paul against the system”. We met Paul in Morocco, and now he is already in Bilbao where I shot last month. He wants to go to Germany so I may well meet him again where the film began– in my native city, Berlin. I also re-established contact with the original protagonist who crossed the fence at Melilla -he made it to Spain and is currently in Barcelona.

What have been your experiences filming on the northern side of the Mediterranean? How easy has it been to gain access to detention centres?

I’ve had very mixed experiences. The Greek authorities, for example, do everything to deter you from documenting the situation. They are very reluctant, knowing that they are – correctly – accused of illegal ‘refoulement’ (expulsion of persons who have the right to be recognised as refugees) at borders, and being responsible for intolerable conditions in refugee centres of first reception and continued poor treatment thereafter. It remains to be seen whether the situation will change under the new government. By contrast, the Spanish authorities are very open because they want to publicize the problem and ensure it’s seen as a collective European issue. But this openness can change if you ask too many detailed questions. That said, shooting with the Spanish Guardia Civil was rather easy and sometimes almost pleasant. They often had this rather Andalusian attitude of “Live and let live”, and seemed to understand the concerns of the migrants. Poverty has long been a reason for migration away from Southern Spain – but as always it depends on the individual: I also saw Spanish Guardia Civil kicking elderly Moroccan men like dogs at the border of Melilla or beating black African migrants on the fence with apparent satisfaction. The worst experiences I had personally was with the Spanish police in charge of migrant detention centres -under Spanish law migrants can be detained for up to 60 days while the police check whether they can be deported. Paul, the main protagonist in my film, had been adrift at sea for 36 hours before being rescued and saw half of his fellow passengers die during the crossing. The police placed the survivors into immediate detention (in handcuffs!), prevented him from receiving any visits and made it extremely difficult for him to have communication with the outside world.

Photo 3 Georges et PaulPaul and Georges, Red Cross centre, Granada, Spain – © Juan Sarmiento

From your previous work it’s clear that as a film-maker you try to avoid didacticism. Nonetheless, I imagine you have some expectations about the audience for this film and the impact it might have? I’m thinking in particular about the citizens of EU member states, because it seems to me that people are not necessarily ill-informed about this question -or at least, that being ill-informed is not the main issue. I thought that the spectacularly callous announcement by the British government in October 2014, that the UK would cease funding search and rescue operations in the Mediterranean on the grounds that this created ‘moral hazard’, was interesting because it laid bare a fundamental contradiction in European thinking. It seems that, faced with this ongoing humanitarian crisis, European society is undoubtedly disturbed, but the one thing it won’t do is let people into Europe. So politically, under the banner of an emergency response to a migration crisis, two quite contradictory policies are pursued: trying to stop people dying and trying to keep them out. Would you agree with that analysis? How, if at all, have your experiences making this film altered your perception of the ‘migration’ question?

This is indeed the fundamental contradiction: on the one hand, the EU does everything to keep people out of Europe but once they are in distress in the Mediterranean they are rescued. In fact, Italy is so far the only member state to launch a clear policy in favour of rescue with its “Mare Nostrum” operation. Previously they towed migrant boats back to Tripoli, so it was actually quite spectacular that the Italian government decided, following the 2013 Lampedusa disaster and the visit of the Pope, to completely change its stance. Frontex (the European frontier agency) is not very happy about it but doesn’t know how to act. They cannot refuse to organise a joint operation with Italy if asked, and once Operation Triton began they were obliged to follow the commands of the Italian search and rescue authorities who instruct them to go to rescue boats that are outside their zones near to the Libyan coast. Britain is, as so often, more cynical but also somehow more realistic. The on-going operations are a clear pull factor and it is a perverse situation. It would definitely be far better to accept much higher contingents of Syrian war refugees from countries like Lebanon, Turkey or Iraq than to rescue them only once they are in distress at sea.

When it comes to war refugees (especially from Syria, Somalia and Sudan) the issue is morally quite clear: in my eyes it is one of the biggest failures of European politics since the Second World War and a shameful record. When it comes to migrants looking for work – as most of the people portrayed in my film would describe themselves – it is much more tricky. They themselves told me that they find it normal to defend a country against an “invasion” from outside, and they find the existence of strict border controls equally normal but, of course, they will still do their best to get in. But since it is not possible to distinguish between types of migrant before a person enters the EU, you have to either guarantee legal and safe means of entry or else cooperate with third countries not just on surveillance, repression and expulsion but also in a constructive and humanitarian way. It is incomprehensible to me that the European Union pays Morocco millions of euros to defend the coast and the fence of the Melilla, but there is virtually nothing provided for outreach work with the African migrants living in tents in the forest. Many of those migrants are well-educated with sought-after skills, but beyond individual cases it’s clear there needs to be a wider dialogue to end the insanity of people who are seeking a better life, risking everything in desperate attempts to cross into Europe.